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Scientific Research on Myopia Management

The rapid spreading of myopia (nearsightedness) in children is cause for concern, not only to individual parents but to society in general. Scientists have been investigating potential causes and researching possible prevention methodologies.

Currently, myopia management is gradually replacing simple myopia correction. Find here some of the most significant underlying research reports supporting different methods of myopia management.

Orthokeratology slows myopic progression in young patients
Authors: Aparna Ramasubramanian MD
Journal: Ophthalmology, April 2019

The effect of orthokeratology on axial length elongation in children with myopia: Contralateral comparison study
Authors: Na M1, Yoo A2
Journal: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29524061

Optical and pharmacological strategies of myopia control
Authors: Kang P1Journal: Clinical & Experimental Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29488240

Posterior scleral reinforcement using genipin-cross-linked sclera for macular hole retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes
Authors: Zhu SQ1, Pan AP1, Zheng LY1, Wu Y1, Xue AQ1
Journal: The British Journal of Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29519878

Environmental factors explain socioeconomic prevalence differences in myopia in 6-year-old children
Authors: Tideman JWL1,2, Polling JR1,3, Hofman A2, Jaddoe VW2,4, Mackenbach JP5, Klaver CC1,2
Journal: The British Journal of Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28607175

Time spent in outdoor activities in relation to myopia prevention and control: a meta-analysis and systematic review
Authors: Shuyu Xiong1, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Thomas Naduvilath, Jiajie Zang, Haidong Zou, Jianfeng Zhu, Minzhi Lv, Xiangui He and Xun Xu
Journal: Acta Ophthalmologica
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28251836

Peripheral Design of Progressive Addition Lenses and the Lag of Accommodation in Myopes
Authors: Schilling T1, Ohlendorf A, Varnas SR, Wahl S
Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28672398

Contact lenses to slow the progression of myopia
Authors: Sankaridurg P.
Journal: Clinical & Experimental Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28752898

A Randomized Trial of Soft Multifocal Contact Lenses for Myopia Control: Baseline Data and Methods
Authors: Walline JJ1, GaumeGiannoni A, Sinnott LT, Chandler MA, Huang J, Mutti DO, Jones-Jordan LA, Berntsen DA; BLINK Study Group.
Journal: Optometry and Vision
Science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28737608

Atropine for the Prevention of Myopia Progression in Children: A Report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology
Authors: Pineles SL1, Kraker RT, VanderVeen DK, Hutchinson AK4, Galvin JA, Wilson LB, Lambert SR
Journal: Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28669492

Atropine 0.5% eye drops for the treatment of children with low myopia: A randomized controlled trial
Authors: Wang YR1, Bian HL, Wang Q
Journal: Medicine (Baltimore)
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28682887

A Comparison of the Effects of Orthokeratology Lens, Medcall Lens, and Ordinary Frame Glasses on the Accommodative Response in Myopic Children.
Authors: Han X1, Xu D, Ge W, Wang Z, Li X, Liu W
Journal: Eye & Contact Lens
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28617728

Update on Orthokeratology in Managing Progressive Myopia in Children: Efficacy, Mechanisms, and Concerns
Authors: Xintong Li, MD1; Ilana B. Friedman, MD; Norman B. Medow, MD; Cheng Zhang, MD
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28092397

Protective Role of Orthokeratology in Reducing Risk of Rapid Axial Elongation: A Reanalysis of Data From the ROMIO and TO-SEE Studies
Authors: Pauline Cho1 and Sin-Wan Cheung
Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28253404

Design, methodology, and baseline data of the Personalized Addition Lenses Clinical Trial (PACT)
Authors: Xinping Yu, MD1, Binjun Zhang, MD, Jinhua Bao, MD, Junxiao Zhang, BA, Ge Wu, MD, Jinling Xu, MD, Jingwei Zheng, PhD, Björn Drobe, PhD, Hao Chen, MD
Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(11):e6069
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28296722

The Case for Lens Treatments in the Control of Myopia Progression
Author: David TroiloJournal: Optometry and Vision
Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: pdfs.journals.lww.com/…/The_Case_for_Lens_Treatments_in_the_Control_of.7.pdf

Effects of multifocal soft contact lenses used to slow myopia progression on quality of vision in young adults
Authors: Pauline Kang, Colm McAlinden, and Christine F. Wildsoet
Journal: Acta Ophthalmologica
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27495880

Myopia Control with Bifocal Contact Lenses: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Authors: Thomas A. Aller, Maria Liu, and Christine F. Wildsoet
Journal: Optometry and Vision
Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26784710

Current concepts in myopia control.
Authors: Mihelcic M.
Journal: Coll Antropol. 2013 Apr;37 Suppl 1:251-5
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23837253

Efficacy, Safety and Acceptability of Orthokeratology on Slowing Axial Elongation in Myopic Children by Meta-Analysis
Authors: Shi-Ming Li, Meng-Tian Kang, Shan-Shan Wu, Luo-Ru Liu, He Li, Zhuo Chen, and Ningli Wang
Journal: Current Eye Research
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26237276

The Influence of Different OK Lens Designs on Peripheral Refraction
Authors: Pauline Kang and Helen Swarbrick
Journal: Optometry and Vision Science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27232901

New Perspective on Myopia Control with Orthokeratology
Authors: Pauline Kang and Helen Swarbrick
Journal: Optometry and Vision Science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26889820